Category Archives: Grammar Basics
In English dictionary ‘person’ refers to a single unit of people (set of persons), a human being and an individual. English grammar has another meaning (or another form, you can say) of Person which does not always refer to people only; it may be an object and a abstract thing too.
In an English sentence, Person determines if someone is making a statement or if the statement is made to someone or if the statement is made about someone or something. Confusing a bit? Well, let’s take an example to understand it better.
We are here to learn English and we cannot go further without knowing what a sentence is. In fact, constructing sentences and converting them into a speech is all about a language. A language needs a set of rules to be followed so that all can understand it and use it. Hence, a common and strict pattern is mandatory. English is no exception. Now, let’s see what an English sentence is and what kinds of sentences English has.
Sentence: A sentence is a group of words or a combination of parts of speech in a correct grammatical order conveying a meaning and making a complete sense. Like any other language, English sentence too has a set of rules which are strictly maintained to complete a meaning. If we arrange words in an order which is not at par with the grammar, it will have no meaning nor anyone can understand this. The groups of words will have no sense. It cannot be called a sentence. I saw a cow grazing on the field. The field saw a cow grazing me. I guess, you got the meaning yourself. The second example is just wrong and weird. It carries no sense whatsoever.
Every sentence needs a subject and a predicate. This is the fundamental rule of any sentence. In other words, when we name a person or a thing, this is subject and when we say something about subject or refer to the subject for anything, this is predicate. This relation is altogether known as subject-predicate which is the core of any complete sentence. Let’s look at them more elaborately.
In my last post, I discussed what is “Parts of Speech” and what are they. In this post, I will try to demystify and explain them individually. Here I go!
Noun: In simple terms, any word can be a noun, even ‘verb’ is a noun since the ‘verb’ is used as a word here. So, to elaborate it, anything which has a name is called a noun. Computer, earth, dress, education etc etc are all nouns. All of them have a name individually and they are pronounced properly. So, any object which has a name with a meaning is called a noun. There are different types of nouns. We will discuss them in my later chapters in details.
A speech is a sentence when written and a sentence is a speech when spoken. So, it can be understood that whatever we speak or write is a collections of some words arranged in proper order. This order is called grammar. In physics or chemistry, we can call it a formula.
There is an array of parts or words with which we can create a sentence. So, we must know how many such parts are in existence.We call them Parts of Speech (or Parts of Sentence). There are eight parts of speech which we need to construct a sentence. We may not use all of them but we can use only eight of them to the most. Let’s have a look at them.