Category Archives: Parts of Speech
We are in the last chapter on Parts of Speech. Today, our focus is on the 8th part of speech – the Interjection. So, let’s move on to catch hold of it. (in this biting cold)
An Interjection is a word or that part of speech which expresses a sudden emotion, feelings and sentiment of the speaker. It’s an exclamation of all the feelings.
- Alas! Mr. Stuart passed away last night. [Alas! - sad emotions]
- Hurray! We won the match. [Hurray - happy emotions]
- Oh! You failed again. [Oh - expressing surprise]
The above words (in bold italics) are interjections or exclamatory words reflecting sudden feelings of the respective speakers.
Note1: An interjection or an exclamatory word has no direct value or role in grammar or in constructing sentences. There won’t be any error both in writing or speaking if you do not use an interjection at all. It just shows the emotions of the speaker and enhances the meaning of the sentences.
Happy New Year to all of you. Hope this year brings prosperity to all of you. With that note, let’s start this new chapter in this new year with further knowledge on Conjunctions. In our previous chapter, we learnt Conjunctions and their types along with a few correlatives. Today, we will go deep into Conjunctions and see the classes of it and a few other uses. So, let’s begin.
Conjunctions are of two classes - Co-ordinating Conjunctions and Sub-ordinating conjunctions. We have already known the first one. In simple terms, when two clauses of the same rank (i.e. those two clauses can stand individually on their own without being joined by any conjunctions) are added by conjunction words (such as and, or, but), it’s called Co-ordinating conjunctions. See the examples →
- I went to school and she went to college.
- I bought sugar but forgot to buy milk.
- Work on the maths problems or study English.
Note1: Each of the above sentences are joined by a conjunction. However, the clauses in each sentence are independent. Hence, they are of equal rank.
So, we’ve understood the the Co-ordinating Conjunction. Now, let’s move to another class of Conjunctions – Sub-ordinating Conjunctions.
Believe you had a great time with Christmas and now you are all looking forward to the New Year 2012. Wish you in advance a great and prosperous happy new year ahead.
Today, we will learn Conjunction. Though it seems that we have very little to know about Conjunction but believe me, we need to learn Conjunctions as seriously as we have taken other Parts of Speech. So, here we start off…
As the name looks, Conjunctions conjoins (adds) two sentences into one. It also adds two or more words in a sentence. So, the basic function of conjunction is to join two sentences/words and nothing else. This is as simple as that.
What’s the use of conjoining sentences or words when we can use them individually?
The answer is simple – to make sentences less cluttered and look more compact. The shorter the better, isn’t it? Have a look at the sentence below -
I bought a car and he bought a bike yesterday
The above sentence can be broken into two such as →
(I) I bought a car yesterday. (II) He bought a bike yesterday.
Which one looks neat and compact. Of course, the one where we’ve used a conjunction and made the sentence into one.
Wishing you a very merry Christmas, I believe you had a great time with cakes and party; and now, you all are looking forward to the entry of New Year 2012. Same here. So, being in a festive and relaxed mood, let’s try to chip in with a few notes on English grammar. Though, I know, it’s not the time to study, still what’s harm in enhancing our knowledge, isn’t it? Anyway, moving to what we learned in our previous chapter ‘Prepositions‘ , we will today see a few more uses of Prepositions and some prepositional phrases. Here we start off.
We’ve seen the uses of prepositions for Time. Now, we will see the same for Place and Transport
Follow the uses of prepositions with regard to Place.
→ IN ↔ in an area we specify
- I live in India.
- Where do you live in?
- I would like to be in the USA next year.
- The balls are in the basket
- You may find him in the ground
→ AT ↔ in a point of area we specify. By point of area, we mean a specific area or point of place.
- I saw him at the party.
- We will halt at London on the way to New York
- She lives at Dover, in Delaware.
Continuing with our course on parts of speech, we will move to Prepositions today in this chapter. As briefly explained in this chapter “Parts of Speech - Explanations“, prepositions are words that make relations with other words in the sentences. Let’s read Prepositions in details. Here we go ….
First, let me be clear – prepositions are hard to explain completely. One thing you keep in mind that
A Preposition is a word or a part of speech which is placed before a noun, or a pronoun or a phrase to make a logical and physical relations with the rest of the words in a sentence such as subjects, objects or other words. It creates links amongst nouns, pronouns or any other phrases present in a sentence and completes the meaning of the words/phrases it relates to.
Too much confusing, hah? Let’s understand this in details and with examples.
Follow the sentences closely
- The bird is on the tree.
- The bird is in the tree.
- The bird is over the tree.
- The bird is beside the tree.
- The bird is flying into the tree.
- The bird is inside the tree.
- The bird is flying around the tree.