Parts of Speech – Explanation
In my last post, I discussed what is “Parts of Speech” and what are they. In this post, I will try to demystify and explain them individually. Here I go!
Noun: In simple terms, any word can be a noun, even ‘verb’ is a noun since the ‘verb’ is used as a word here. So, to elaborate it, anything which has a name is called a noun. Computer, earth, dress, education etc etc are all nouns. All of them have a name individually and they are pronounced properly. So, any object which has a name with a meaning is called a noun. There are different types of nouns. We will discuss them in my later chapters in details.
Pronoun: Any word which can replace a noun i.e. replace a name can be termed as a pronoun. However, the replacement must correspond to the noun which it is replacing. In simple terms, a word which we can put instead of noun (in place of the noun) but referring to it (noun) is a pronoun. John is a school boy. He likes Maths the most. Here ‘He’ is noun as we can determine that it is indicating ‘John’ and we are using it instead of ‘John’, the word itself.
Adjective: Any word which describes a noun or pronoun is adjective. The description can be in many ways. It can in length, in aspect, in size, in volume, in appearance, in good or bad sense, in intensity or just in any type of description. If I say, John is an avid student of maths, here I am describing John’s liking for maths as a student which is ‘avid’. The word ‘avid’ is explaining what kind of student John is for maths. So, the word is determining the intensity. This is adjective. There are some degrees of adjective. We will put light on them later in my posts. I will keep you posted.
Verb: This is action. Any thing that acts and is the action of the noun or subject is known as ‘Verb’. In a sentence, when a subject or noun does anything, the act is called ‘verb’. The verb is one of the most inevitable parts in a sentence without which a sentence cannot complete and can have no meaning. John likes maths the most. Here, ‘liking’ is the action of John and so, it is ‘verb’. There many categories of verb about which we will talk later. Strong verb, weak verb, auxiliary verb, modal primary verb are a few to mention.
Adverb: Like adjective, an adverb qualifies or modifies an action of verb. Any determination of action of verb is rated with adverb. John solves Maths fast. Here the word ‘fast’ describes the action of ‘solve’. How he solves it… the answer is fast. So, ‘fast’ corresponds to the meaning and intensity of ‘solves’ which John does. Hence, the speed of solving maths is fast. So, fast is an adverb here which is qualifying the verb (solve).
Preposition: There is no definite definition of preposition. However, it can be said that any thing that relates the action or state of noun with other nouns or objects in a sentence is known as preposition. John loves studying on computer. In this sentence, there are two nouns ‘John’ and ‘computer’. But if we place them at will, there will not be any meaning nor we can establish any meaning amongst ‘John’, ‘studies’ or ‘computer’. So, ‘on’ gives us a meaning of relation between John and computer such as how he studies. The meaning will be completely different, if we say ‘with the computer’, or ‘under the computer’. So, preposition creates a link between the subject and other parts of speech in the sentence.
Conjunction: As the name suggests, it conjoins two words or two sentences in a sentence. It is not necessarily used but we need it when we need to create a long sentence and when we need to establish a joint meaning of two different words or sentences. John’s favorite subjects are maths and chemistry. Here ‘and’ conjoins both maths & chemistry and makes it meaningful. It can, however, be said in two individual sentences but if we join them with an conjunction, it becomes neater and less prolonged. And, but, or are a few examples of conjunction.
Interjection; Well! Finally I’ve come to the last part of speech. Anyway, ‘well’ here is an exclamation of my expression (my satisfaction). So, interjection implies those words which we use for our expression of wonder, fear, joy, disgust or so. The words ‘wow’, ‘alas’, ‘hurray’ are just our expression of feelings for any object or for any situation. A sentence can survive without the use of them, however, to make it more intriguing and interactive, we better use them. A sentence looks complete both in meaning and in sense. Gosh! Johns fails in Maths!. Here, I could have said, John fails in maths’. It is complete in meaning, but to express my surprise, I just prefixed it with an interjection ‘gosh’ which is ‘oh my God!’. In most cases an exclamatory sentence or injection ends with an note of exclamation (!)